Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
High Performance Design and Energy Harvesting in Tall Buildings
Partner Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Chicago
Director Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Chicago
SOM’s holistic design approach—which integrates architectural design, structural engineering, and sustainable engineering services—has produced some of Asia’s most striking and green tall buildings. The Pertamina Energy Tower, the centerpiece of the Jakarta headquarters of the Indonesian state-owned energy company, is the world’s first supertall tower with energy as the primary design driver, with features such as a crown with a ‘wind funnel’ that generates energy, sun shades that mitigate solar heat gain and optimize daylighting, a covered walkway topped with photovoltaics, and a central energy plant that draws on local geothermal resources to target netzero. The Pearl River Tower in Guangzhou, completed in 2013, also places energy use at the core of its innovative design. The tower’s iconic design channels wind to power turbines embedded in the building, and a suite of sustainable features make it one of the first LEED® Platinum–certified supertall buildings in the world.
Partner Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Director Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Cross-Cultural Mixed-Use Developments: A New Force in “Urban Organic Renewal”
General Manager TaiKoo Hui (Guangzhou) Development Company Limited, Guangzhou
Swire Properties’ developments pay keen attention to forge connections with the community and accordingly create added value. When entering into new cities for property developments, with profound understanding and full respect to local cultures and geographies, Swire properties is well localized, and brings not only opportunities to the cities but also vitality to the corresponding communities.
Having been operating for almost five years, TaiKoo Hui, Guangzhou (TKH) is regarded as a vigorous multi-faceted complex with global vision, original thinking, design and planning, as well as experienced leasing and property management. TKH has not only fed the shopping needs of local customers but also raised the bar in retail industry and service industry of Tianhe CBD, Guangzhou. Accordingly, brand variety in town is enriched; shopping experience is diversified with all-round dimensions, including shopping, dining, leisure and recreation, etc. Eventually, the local fashion market and local people’s lifestyles are enhanced.
Poly International Plaza sought to create an innovative office and trade center development in Pazhou, Guangzhou, an industrial city along the Pearl River. It is situated in a new commercial district, which is defined by a recently constructed convention center and Shangri-La Hotel. The Plaza consists of two office towers, each coupled with a low-rise podium that accommodates exhibition and retail uses; the below-grade spaces include an exhibition hall and trade center.
The offset core towers maximize light transmission to their interiors. On the north, the towers’ forms are defined by floor-to-ceiling glass, on the south the exposed structural framework also works as a shading device. The towers achieve sustainable design through their use of natural light; natural ventilation; floor-by-floor mechanical systems; under floor air distribution; shaded outdoor space; and green roofs.
Because the Pearl River delta has always been a dynamic nexus of trade in China, water views have a symbolic value in the project. Thanks to the towers’ innovative structural spine, and double lattice brace, the offset cores are light and transparent, and allow a high degree of openness to southern views; the glass elevators, staircases, restrooms, and terraces, are all lightfilled spaces.
Tall buildings as city symbols are becoming increasingly complex and unique in geometry to project a sense of pride and personality. Elegant, functional yet playful, Canton Tower has achieved such an impressive feat. This presentation revealed how the tower was designed to appear complex, but, in fact, be simple to build. Mr. Lin also explained how an integrated scheme was developed, taking into account form, function, safety and constructability. The stories behind can serve as a source of inspiration of how architectural and engineering excellence can be achieved through successful collaboration.
Zhujiang New Town - Guangzhou Intelligence and Power
Dean of the Urban Planning Department South China University of Technology, Guangzhou
This presentation included two parts. First, it explored the strategic relationship between Zhujiang New Town and the urban development of Guangzhou generally. The new town can be viewed as a harbinger of the city’s eastward expansion strategy, part of the strategic cultivation of the Guangzhou City Service Center, or even the representation of an international city in response to global competition. In addition, the evolution of the new urban axis’ planning, implementation process was used as an example of continuous innovation and comprehensive wisdom, being a strong presentation of international and local power.
Dean of the Urban Planning Department South China University of Technology
The Utilization of Water Source Heat Pump Techniques Combined with Distributed Energy Systems
Chief Engineer Zhongtian Urban Development Group Co., Ltd, Guiyang
Firmly grounded in the design and technology of the world trade center in Guiyang, this presentation introduced the utilization of a water source heat pump (WSHP) combined with distributed energy resources (DER) in tall buildings from the following aspects.
1. Current energy background (the importance of saving energy)
2. Introduction to the natural resources of the planed construction project – The world trade center
3. Overview of the application of WSHP combined with distributed energy system
4. Advantages of WSHP & DER compared to traditional technique
5. Detailed plans for implication of the project (WTC)
6. The effective results in energy conservation and emission reduction
Chief Engineer Zhongtian Urban Development Group Co., Ltd
Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Miami: Designing a Cross-Cultural Architectural Brand
Managing Director - Asia & Middle East Arquitectonica, Hong Kong
In this increasingly globalizing world, property developments of various scales around the world require transcending both geographic and cultural borders. Some of these clients will develop globally, beyond their home territories, while many focus only on specific regions of comfort, be it foreign or domestic.
This presentation aims to illustrate how the success in design of projects delivered for a globally-active developer differ in their respective markets. It examines the logistics of working globally and locally, local government participation & approvals, design and construction challenges and financial considerations.
Case studies include Guangzhou’s Tai Koo Hui, Hong Kong’s Festival Walk, and Miami's Brickell City Centre which are developed by Swire Properties. Together, they aim to show how the challenges of design arose from cross-cultural and geographical difference are addressed in each locale
Managing Director - Asia & Middle East Arquitectonica
From Constraint to Create
Vice Chief Architect/Professor-Senior Architect Guangzhou Design Institute, Guangzhou
The skyscrapers are always considered as the vertical city. However, buildings are playing the role of the interface of the urban public area in the urban context. How to connect the area on the both side of the interface and interact each? How to transform the public area from pure transportation to a rich humanistic flavor and rich life breath one? How to let the vertical city become the vertical forest? How is the city not only just a vector of space, but also a vector of urban life operations? All require the architect to respond and think in the perspective of a city.
Vice Chief Architect/Professor-Senior Architect Guangzhou Design Institute
Rottweil: Rethinking Elevator Test Towers
Head of Global High Rise Product Manager, Product Lifecycle Management thyssenkrupp, Essen
thyssenkrupp sees innovative elevator solutions at the core of developing vertical and sustainable cities for the future, and to this end, is building its new elevator test tower in Rottweil, Germany, where it will test game-changing mobility technology such as MULTI, the rope-less elevator.
In his presentation, Schoellkopf elaborated on how the 246-meter tower is already a beacon of inspiration for future vertical transportation systems, and is set to become a part of a vast global innovation network. He also shared how thyssenkrupp partnered with city authorities to make Rottweil synonymous with urban mobility innovations, and use the tower as a major tourist attraction offering the highest viewing platform in Germany.
As thyssenkrupp redefines technology in the elevator industry, the tower will speed up the integration process in getting these game-changing solutions to market, helping to make cities better than ever before.
Head of Global High Rise Product Manager, Product Lifecycle Management thyssenkrupp
The Rational Romanticism of the Super-High-Rise
Vice President Guangzhou R&F Properties, Guangzhou
This presentation discussed the integration of formal skill, economy, and practicality necessary to create the iconic profile of a super high-rise building. With this topic in mind, the speaker analyzed a case study of Guangzhou R&F Plaza, focusing on the ultimate rationality of its structural design: from imagination to building information modeling (BIM), building management systems (BMS), and intelligent communities.
Vice President Guangzhou R&F Properties
Bahrain World Trade Center: Harnessing Wind Energy – a post-occupancy evaluation
Senior Design Director Atkins, Hong Kong
The Bahrain WTC was the world’s first application of large-scale wind turbine incorporation in a tall building. The complex has now been in operation since 2009. It has successfully achieved the goal of producing large-scale power production from Wind Power in a tall building. This is an achievement that has since only rarely been replicated around the world, one of the few other examples being the Pearl River Tower. The presentation considered how this was achieved in a commercial building that was designed and constructed using a demanding fast track program; the specific context of the project that permitted this; and the results of the validation period which extended after completion.
Chief Executive Officer, Greater China Knight Frank, Hong Kong
Riding on the tremendous investment wave of last year, Chinese outbound capital has grown strongly in 2016. Renminbi devaluation prospects and high land prices of Chinese domestic market coupled with the need to diversify risk, continue to drive overseas expansion.
This is particularly true for Chinese insurance companies and developers seek overseas projects. Global gateway cities, such as New York and London, attract the bulk of Chinese investment. In the past year however Hong Kong is seeing renewed interest from Chinese occupiers, funds and developers thanks to its proximity to home and a string of stock market cooperation activities.
Given the tightening capital control, will there be a tapering of investment from China? What factors will continue bringing investors to the market? How would global uncertainties such as Brexit and the US election affect the prospect of destination markets for Chinese capital?
Poly International Plaza is an innovative office and exhibition center development located in China's Guangzhou trade district. Sited along the Pearl River and adjacent to historic Pazhou Temple Park, the project presents a precedent toward integrating development with its site and context, embracing the place of garden and sustainability in the society's rapid move toward modernization. The result is a striking modern aesthetic that interacts efficiently and beautifully with the timeless elements of nature. The complete design seeks to integrate the southern Chinese landscape traditions with a modern sensitivity toward local context, climate, flora, and SOM's modern architecture. The landscape is designed to aggressively temper and counter heat and humidity challenges of southern China.
Over the past few years, numerous existing observation decks have been completely reinvented, partly in an effort to compete with newcomers on the market, but also to capitalize on the public’s desire to see cities in new and exciting ways. Thus, in the U.S. alone, we’ve seen the arrival of “The Ledge” at Willis Tower, “Tilt” at John Hancock Center, and “Skyslide” at US Bank Tower, all of which add a pump of adrenaline to the observation experience. This session overviewed how observation decks around the world are being repositioned for the 21st century.
What has now become a common challenge to tower designers worldwide: one must develop a supertall tower that provides a unique architectural identity while maximizing programmatic efficiency. R&F Yingkai Square is located on a very tight urban site with direct connection to local transit and neighboring structures through its elevated and underground networks. Topping out at 300 meters, it is now considered short by its contextual standards. Therefore, the ambitions to create an architectural identity had to be found through something beyond sheer height alone. This presentation explored the massing strategies that are inspired by cultural metaphor while clearly identifying the programmatic needs of retail, office and hotel contained within. In addition, the architectural enclosure was further explained for its distinct visual character that integrates ventilation, performance and lighting in a holistic manner. Merging these approaches creates a unique identity for R&F Yingkai Square among the many varied new towers of the Guangzhou Pearl River development area.
Pearl River New Town: From New Guangzhou City Center to CBD
Professor Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou
As the project leader of the Pearl River New Town responsible for its final implementation; Prof. Yuan introduced the origin of Pearl River New Town, and described its urban planning process and the experiences and lessons of urban design gained from the project.
Since the reformation in 1980s, Central Business Districts have been popping up in different cities in China. Learning from lessons of modern cities in the 20th century western world, new CBDs in China represent downtowns that are no longer just work place for office workers, but also a weekend leisure venue for families, and a holiday destination for tourists. In many instances, Supertall building becomes the center to these new CBDs - a place where people live, work, and enjoy urban life. As one of the three landmarks planned for the new Guangzhou CBD Zhujiang Xin Cheng, the CTF Guangzhou is one of the most complex supertalls ever undertaken.
Local Urbanism - High-Rise Building Design in the Development of High Density Cities
Vice President Architectural Design and Research Institute of South China University of Technology, Shenzhen
This project is located in the Tianhe district of Guangzhou, which is the area with the highest density in the city. There are Linhe village and high-rise residential buildings around the project site. At the beginning, the design is focused on balancing the influence of the scale and the density of its surrounding through the movement of the architecture volume and the change of windows between the form and the density. We’ve tried to reduce the sense of disharmony of scale between the project and the surround buildings. At the same time, it responds particularly to the building identification and the solution between energy savings and the quality of function. It is an active attempt at the idea of local urbanism during the process of high-density urban development.
Using four tower designs on four continents – the Guangzhou International Finance Center in China, the Crown Sydney Resort Hotel in Australia, 45 Bay Street in Canada, and 150 Leadenhall Street in the UK – Chris Wilkinson explained Wilkinson Eyre’s approach to designing tall buildings with sculptural form.
For most of the 20th century, towers have been conceived as vertical extrusions, usually rectangular or circular with a central core and a simple structure to provide lateral stiffness; why would you do anything else? Well, it’s because we can, and indeed, there is a demand for innovative and exciting tall buildings in particular locations. Towers can make wonderful landmarks, but they have to be special. Throughout history, architecture has evolved in line with technological innovation. Recent advances in software have opened up enormous opportunities for more complex structures and now is the time to explore new forms.
One of the keys to attracting buyers and tenants for a contemporary tall building is a succinct marketing strategy and a robust understanding of how to brand real estate and architecture through print and digital media. With the advent of new tools, techniques, and approaches, comprehensive communication programs can now be developed for skyscrapers that cater simultaneously to the nuances of both local and international markets. William Murray discussed his experience with marketing and branding some of the world’s tallest and most iconic buildings – from London to New York, to Guangzhou, and beyond.
Hong Kong has been, for decades, one of the world’s most fascinating urban experiments. In one year alone (following the 2nd world war) the city grew by 50%, with a quadrupling over the next decade. Rapid growth, within the constraints of physical landscape, led to a characteristic urban form – dispersed high-density centers, surrounded by vast areas of natural vegetation.
In the context of the Pearl River Delta, we ask: how does Hong Kong take its next giant urban leap? What are the physical, social, and environmental dimensions that constrain the city’s future growth? And what new spatial models of urbanization could be grafted onto this established city form?
Presented was a new urban form that relies on three-dimensional systems of open space, transport and resource utilization.